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Posts Tagged ‘Limited Government’

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Source: Foreign Policy Magazine  

Source: This piece was originally posted at The New Democrat Plus

I read this article called It’s Time To Found a New Republic from Daren Acemoglu and Simon Johnson over at Foreign Policy Magazine. And it wasn’t just the title of the article that caught my attention. It’s Time To Found a New Republic, if they spent more time on the title maybe they would’ve called It’s Time For a New Republic, Time To Create a New Republic, The New American Republic. When something is found you don’t need to fine it, because it’s already there.

But getting pass the wording of the title of their piece most of their article was about American history and the progressive movement. Starting with the Progressive Era of the early 1900s and going up to the New Deal of the 1930s and the creation of the our national infrastructure system of the 1950s. And then towards the end they were had some policy proposals.

Ranging from a national basic income, which I disagree with, to ending partisan, racial, and ethnic gerrymandering which I’m in favor of. When I saw the title of their piece I’m, thinking maybe they were talking about creating a new form of American government. That the problem with American society (as they might see it) is the structure of our government all together. Perhaps they don’t like our Federal system based on limited government and would propose replacing that with a unitarian style of government that you see a lot of in Europe. Where most of the governmental power in the country is based with the national government. Instead of spread out between the national, state, and local government’s.

Just to comment on Daren Acemoglu’s and Simon Johnson’s economic proposals. I don’t believe the problem of income inequality (if you want to call it that) has to do with our government structure and how power and responsibility is spread out. Not that they were arguing that either necessarily. But it has to do with the skills gap and opportunity gaps in the American economy.

If you live in rural America and grow there, or you’re raised in a rough part of an inner city your chances of doing well in America are far lesser than if you come from a middle class neighborhood in a city or from the suburbs. Also if you have parents or even one parent who are doing well in life, not necessarily rich but doing well enough for you to be raised right and have you what you need to do well growing up, your chances of doing well in America are much better if you come from a low-income family in a low-income neighborhood, where your parent or parents are just struggling to survive.

So you want to reduce income inequality (again, if you want to call it that) you have to reduce the inequality that’s part of our education system and have an education system where more Americans can simply get a good education. Regardless of where they live and where they grow up and who their parents are. And of course regardless of their race, ethnicity, or gender. Which should go without saying anyway.

As well as having an adult educational system in this country where low-income adults whether they’re currently working or not, can advance in the American economy by finishing and furthering their education and getting themselves a good job that leads them to economic independence.

As well as having that system available for workers who already have a solid education. High school diploma plus some vocational training and perhaps a college degree, but now find themselves working in a field where those jobs are disappearing or where they’re no longer able to make the money that allows for them to live comfortably. And allow for them to further their education perhaps even in a new field for them.

The problem with the American economy has nothing to do with our form of government. Or our Federal Government is too small, our state and local government’s, have too much responsibility, or middle class Americans are undertaxed and have to much personal and economic freedom and have to make too many decisions on their own.

The problem with the American economy and why we have income inequality (if you want to call it that) has to do with education and skills. We need to move pass the idea that schools should be funded based on the property values of the people who live in those communities . Which has to do with property taxes. And sending kids to school based on where they live, instead of what’s the best school for them.

And get pass the idea that if you start at a low-wage low-skilled job because you’re low-skilled, that you’re stuck working jobs like that indefinitely. Because you can’t afford to go back to school or simply don’t have the time for it, because you’re working multiple low-wage jobs just to try to survive.

You close the skills and education gaps in America, you reduce poverty, because you’ll not just have more Americans working as long as you have pro-growth economic policies in place that promote economic development and growth, but you’ll also have more Americans working good jobs. Which will also improve your long-term economic and financial outlook of the country. Because you’ll have fewer Americans on public assistance.

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Source: RCO 64

RCO 64: The American Form of Government

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Source: The Independent Institute 

Source: This piece was originally posted at The New Democrat

According to Wikipedia the definition of social justice is, “justice in terms of distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within society.”

People let’s say on the farther left (Social Democrats/Democratic Socialists) take the definition to mean that there should be distribution of wealth in society. That wealth should be distributed based on what people need to live well. Not based on what people earn. And of course the central government usually a unitarian government in most social democracies (one large government for the entire country) will collect most of the wealth in the country and dish it back out in the form of welfare state payments to the people based on what the government believes people need to live well in society.

So the people not just living above poverty, but living somewhat comfortably, but short of being wealthy and perhaps even upper middle class. Socialists (democratic and otherwise) don’t believe in rich or poor. They want equality of outcomes where no one is wealthy or poor, but able to live well. This type of economic system is how Scandinavia operates and the states there and to a certain extent even in Britain. (Even when the Conservatives are in charge)

The libertarian notion of social justice is to put it in plain terms is that what’s mine is mine and what’s yours, is yours. To paraphrase Libertarian Economist Walter Williams. Meaning what the people make for themselves is exactly that. And shouldn’t be subjected to taxation especially to help pay for the people who don’t have much to live on and are in living in poverty as a result.

To go back to the Wikipedia definition of social justice. Liberals (in the real and classical sense) concentrate on the opportunities portion of social justice. Liberals believe in an opportunity society. Where everyone has the ability to make a good life for themselves. Where everyone has access to a quality education even if they live in poverty. And if they live in poverty that their parents or parent, has the ability to finish and further their education so they can get themselves a good job and make a good living.

Get off of public assistance, buy a nice home and live in a nice community where they don’t have to worry about being physically harmed when they go to the grocery store, or are coming back or going to school. Where they have a basic fundamental sense and reality when it comes to their own economic and physical security. And then what the people make for themselves financially, they’re able to keep most of that and pay back in taxes what it takes for the government to function effectively and to do only what we need for government to do well for us, that is also consistent with strong economic and job growth so people are encouraged to be productive and make a good living for themselves and their families.

And yes you need an effective government to invest in what makes economies strong so as many people can benefit from capitalism and private enterprise as possible. Not to run the economy or to run business’s, or tax and regulate private business so much that the government essentially owns and runs those companies.

But to see that everyone can get a good education. Where kids aren’t sent to school simply because of where they live, but what’s the best school for them even if that might mean a charter school or private school all together.

Where economic development is encouraged so you don’t have ghost towns essentially where the only people who live there are people who can’t afford to live anywhere else. Where gangs and organize criminals run the communities.

Where you have an modern infrastructure system so companies can get their products to market (to use an old phrase) and also to encourage more private economic development.

A responsible regulatory state to protect consumers from predators and worker from abusive employers.

And a limited effective safety net (not welfare state) that serves an economic insurance system for people who are out-of-work, or lack basic skills to get themselves a good job. But also empowers low-skilled individuals to get themselves on their feet by finishing and furthering their education and learning a trade so they can get themselves a good job.

Where Liberals separate from Socialists has to do with government’s involvement in the economy. Socialists want government to take most of the national income and dish it back out based on what they believe people need to do well. Where Liberals differ with Libertarians is that Liberals believe that the people should be able to to keep most of what they earn. But that Liberals believe there is a real role for government even in a free society and that being part of a free society is like being part of a club. Where you end up paying for the services that you consume and even some of the services that don’t personally benefit you.

Independent Institute: Kyle Swan- Social Justice in The Classical Liberal Tradition

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“Without the emergence of the Christian-Right in the 1970s…”

Source: This piece was originally posted at The New Democrat

Without the emergence of the Christian-Right in the 1970s and 1980s, there is no Reform Party USA today. Why, because what is the Reform Party and what’s the point of it? The Reform Party is what the Republican Party use to be and what they believed in. Before they recruited the Christian-Right and broader Far-Right out of the Democratic Party and into the GOP. They use to believe in fiscal responsibility, economic freedom, strong but limited national defense and foreign policy that’s not designed to police the world and they were tolerant or federalist on social issues. Not believing that the Federal Government or government in general, should be used to tell how Americans should live their own lives and make their personal decisions for them. That was the GOP of the 1960s that Dwight Eisenhower essentially created in the 1950s, that Tom Dewey tried to create in the 1940s. That also had a growing conservative-libertarian wing in it led by Barry Goldwater and others.

If Donald Trump takes down the Republican Party in November and they lose the House as well as the Senate and he decides to take his movement with him and perhaps launches a new third-party and perhaps some nationalist party, the Reform Party could become relevant for the first time since Ross Perot launched this movement in the early 1990s. Along with the Libertarians and this is how the Republican Party could become a national party again that can win the presidency, because it would have the members and voters, to compete for the presidency and not need gerrymandered House districts to hold a majority in the House. Or low turnout elections to win a majority in the Senate, because again they would have the voters to be able to compete with Democrats everywhere. Or perhaps the GOP dies and the Reform Party emerges as the new Center-Right party in America. And brings in Libertarians and Northeastern Conservative Republicans.

The Reform Party, to me at least represents the Republican Party when it wasn’t owned by the Christian-Right and broader Far-Right in America. A party where the Ku Klux Klan and other Far-Right European-American nationalist groups, didn’t feel at home in. Because it was a big-tent party that welcomed African-Americans, Latin-Americans, Jewish-Americans, women, Catholics, immigrants, etc. Where it was the party of Abraham Lincoln, Dwight Eisenhower, Ronald Reagan and yes even Barry Goldwater. Not Rush Limbaugh, Ann Coulter, David Duke, Donald Trump, or the Tea Party. A party that could not only competed in the Northeast with moderate-conservative Republicans, but in the Midwest and the West with Conservative-Libertarians and even California, but in the South as well. And could win high turnout elections, because it had the members and voters to compete everywhere with the Democratic Party. That is no longer the case for the GOP today.

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Source: History & Politics Hub-Andrew Sullivan 

Source: This piece was originally posted at The New Democrat 

Conservatism similar to liberalism, it depends on what you mean by it. Unlike with libertarianism where most people who follow politics probably have a pretty good idea what libertarianism actually is. And a big reason for that is how simple it is. Libertarians do not want government in their wallets or personal lives and be left alone unless they are hurting innocent people. But conservatism like Liberalism is a bit more complicated than that.

More people tend to get labeled conservative even if these people who are supposed to be Conservatives disagree with each other on what it means to be a Conservative. For instance Barry Goldwater who I believe is the father of modern classical conservatism, or at least modern conservative libertarianism who was famous for saying get big government out of my wallet and bedroom, he would be a Conservative today.

But someone like Rick Santorum or Michelle Bachmann who are both called Conservatives or Dennis Prager even, yet even though they probably tend to agree with Senator Goldwater when it comes to economic and foreign policy, but they would sharply disagree when it comes to social issues. Because they meaning Senator Santorum, Representative Bachmann and Mr. Prager believe in serious restrictions when it comes to what people can do with their personal lives.

If your idea of a Conservative is someone whose against big government both as it relates to the economy and as it relates to people’s lives and what people do in their privacy, which is what I believe and I’m a Liberal, than Andrew Sullivan is your Conservative in this debate. But if your idea of a Conservative is someone who believes in a strong national defense, small government as it relates to the economy with low taxes across the board, but traditionalism as far as Americans should live their lives and that government should even enforce that on society, than Santorum and Bachmann would be your Conservatives.

Because someone who also believes in a traditional way of life and when Americans moves away from that it is bad for the country a way of life from let’s say back in the 1950s and that we need legal restrictions on what people can do in their personal lives for the good of the country, to me at least would be a big government Republican or rightist. And Dennis Prager would be your Conservative in this debate if that is your idea of conservative. But he’s not a Conservative in the sense he believes in conserving freedom both economic and personal. As he is in conserving a certain way of life, even if that means in restricting personal freedom.

Again it goes to what you mean by conservative, but conservatism in a political sense is how Barry Goldwater and Ron Reagan even described it as, conserving freedom and allowing for people to live their own lives and making their own decisions. In other words conserving freedom, not that it is the job of government to decide how people should live their own lives. And for people who live differently and have different values, they need to be in prison for that.

History and Politics Hub: Dennis Prager vs Andrew Sullivan- Defense of Marriage Act- 1996

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Liberal Democrat

Liberal Democrat

 

Source: The Fiscal Times: Opinion- Bruce Bartlett-The Coming Revival of Liberalism

Before you discuss liberalism I think you first need to know what you are talking about. Because generally speaking Liberals in America tend to be stereotyped as being in favor of big government and higher taxes, centralization of government, they worship the Federal Government, Federal control, anti-success, anti-wealthy, anti-business and at times today even anti-capitalism. As well as being anti-military, anti-law-enforcement and today even not liking Caucasians and perhaps men in general. Want the Federal Government to run our lives for us and anti-America as well. And if I didn’t know any better when I hear a lot of Americans who are either very partisan on the Right or are ignorant about liberalism, I would have to assume that they are talking about Communists or at least Social Democrats that are common in Europe. And that it is the Conservatives who are in favor of capitalism, low taxes, economic freedom, limited government, strong defense, protecting the streets and so-forth.

I just laid out what liberalism isn’t and before I layout what liberalism is, I just want to point out that the fact it is both Liberals and Conservatives believe in capitalism. Both Liberals and Conservatives believe in a strong defense and are in favor of effective law enforcement. As long as it is consistent with our civil liberties. Both Liberals believe in limited government even at the Federal level. Both Liberals and Conservatives believe in low taxes at least for middle class workers and both Liberals and Conservatives love America. Want Americans to succeed and be able to do well in life on their own and not be dependent on public assistance. I’ve said this before, but it’s not so much that Liberals and Conservatives differ as far as who believes in freedom and who doesn’t and loves America and who doesn’t, because both factions believe in the same things. But we tend to differ on how to accomplish those things. Rather us differing on whether we should have freedom or not. Whether America is a great country or not and or whether we should have a limited government or a big expansionist government with no ends and limitations.

So if you are a Liberal you believe in freedom both personal and economic but that freedom should apply to everyone. Not just a privilege few and that we should all have the freedom to live our own lives and be able to take care of ourselves and not be dependent on government to take care of us. But where government comes in is to see that all Americans have those opportunities to be successful in life. And that gets to education, job training for low-skilled workers and unemployed adults. And effective and understandable regulatory system that protects workers, consumers and even employers from unfair practices by others. And that we all pay our fair share of taxes, but  not to the point that it discourages us from living in freedom and having to live off of government. But just to the point that it funds the limited government that we need. To do the things that we need government to do for us.

And the reason why I believe that liberalism is on the way up or as Bruce Bartlett puts it, ‘The coming revival of Liberalism’, is because Americans tend to believe in these things. Both economic and personal freedom. Which is why high taxes and big government are still unpopular in America, but big government across the board is unpopular. That Americans tend to want both their economic and personal freedom. As we are now seeing with the unpopularity of the War on Drugs, War on Terror, gay marriage on the rise, legalization of marijuana coming to a state near you, as well as gambling. And this is something that Republicans have to be aware of and successfully deal with if they are going to have any power in the future at. Least at the Federal level and not become a long-term opposition-minority-party.

TYT Interviews: Bruce Bartlett Steps Into TYT

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Source: The Fiscal Times

Source: The Fiscal Times: Opinion- Josh Boak- Nine Changes To The Constitution- How Would You Change It

I love the United States Constitution the way it is and wouldn’t do anything that limits current freedoms that we have. But I would change some things that would make it better without doing anything that would make us less free, or less of a liberal democracy that we are, but to make us more of a liberal democracy with more freedom for everyone.

Like a constitutional-right for all American citizens eighteen or older who aren’t currently incarcerated with the right to vote.

And allowing for naturalized Americans citizens who’ve been American citizens for a certain amount of time, who do not hold dual citizenship who are thirty-five or older with the ability to run for President.

Perhaps an amendment to allow for the Federal Government as well as state and locals to regulate, but not end campaign money. Like with full-disclosure, but for the most part we have a great Constitution that just needs to be improved. Rather than radically revamped to deal with today’s world that today’s so-called Progressives (Social Democrats in actuality) want to do to make America into a social democracy. Or a socialist republic. Rr Neoconservatives and right-wing Nationalists, who think Americans have too much personal freedom and that personal-freedom is dangerous and we need to do away with the Fourth Amendment and amend the First Amendment.

Just because I prefer our Constitution over anything else that any other democratic republic  has, doesn’t mean ours is perfect and the rest of the Democratic world doesn’t do anything well. So here are some of the changes that I would make so make our Constitution even better. That wouldn’t subtract any of our constitutional rights.

Opposition Party-

I would put into law or the Constitution an official opposition party with an official opposition leader. Who would have their own administration not a governing administration, but would serve as the opposition the alternative voice to the presidential administration. With spokespeople to counter the administration on all policy issues of the day. Who wouldn’t be current members of Congress, or would the opposition leader, or their deputy. Which would be like the Vice President and they would serve as the official opposition to the party that won the last presidential election and as the official alternative voice in the United States. Led by the opposition leader who would be the person and party that finished second in the last presidential election.

Speaker of the House

Someone of such large stature and official power in the United States as the Leader of the House of Representatives, should be an official national leader as well. Rather than having to represent the House, their own caucus and their own House district. And just make the Speakership a larger office only accountable to the voters and their caucus. So I would make the Speaker an at large seat where the voters would determine who serves as Speaker. And the Speaker would be on the ballot that the Representatives and each House candidate would be on. And voters would be able to vote for a team. This team for Speaker and Representative, or a choice of other teams. Democratic, Republican and several other choices as well. And the political parties not the caucus’ would decide the candidates and nominees for Speaker. The Minority Leader of the House another at large seat. Whose party finished second in the Speaker’s race.

Leader of the Senate-

Again currently the Majority Leader of the Senate who in all intense purposes is the Leader of the Senate, even if it’s not official and the Leader of the upper chamber of Congress, someone with again such huge power and official stature who could if they wanted to prevent the President. from appointing a lot of their administration and a lot of the courts, should have just one office with that power. Rather than having to represent a state while trying to run the upper chamber of Congress in the most powerful country in the world. And just be held accountable by their party and the voters nationally. Rather than thinking they can use their office to benefit their state at the expense of everyone else have an easier path to reelection. By using their Leader’s office to send more money back home. And like the Speaker, the Leader would be an at large seat that the people would get to decide who the next Leader of the Senate is. And the candidates and incumbents would run as a team with the candidate. And incumbent for that Senate seat and they would be nominated for that office by their party. The Minority Leader of the Senate another at large seat would be the Senate leader whose party won the second most seats in the last Senate elections.

Vice President of the United States

It’s basically official now that the Vice President of the United States at least going back to the Carter Administration with Vice President Walter Mondale, serves as the president’s Chief Counselor, or even Chief Operating Officer. And have a big role in representing the President in Congress and leading negotiations with Congress. And serves as the chief representative to state and local governments and will foreign governments even. What I would do is just make these things official through law and take away the President of the Senate title from the Vice Presidency and make the Leader of the Senate the official Leader or President of the Senate. Since the Vice President is the second ranking officer in the United States Government, who would have to assume the Presidency if for whatever reason or reasons the President isn’t able to full fill their term, this would make the Vice Presidency the perfect place to learn how to govern and to be President of the United States.

U.S. Supreme Court-

Now that we even now have U.S. Justices who serve their party more than the Constitution, who see their role as to overturn and uphold laws they like and do not like, rather than to judge laws based on their constitutionality, Justices shouldn’t be allowed to have life terms. And have to be accountable differently, but still accountable like the rest of the country. And have to earn their jobs in order to keep them and end the entitlement to that office that they currently hold. So I would still make Justices including the Chief Justice appointed offices, but they would now serve six-year terms rather than lifelong terms and have to be reappointed and confirmed by the U.S. Senate every six years in order to remain in office. So the country can weigh in on whether or not this Justice deserves to stay in power or not. And in a country with fifty states and three hundred twenty million people, nine Justices to serve not represent the entire country is simply not enough. And I would move to have one Justice for each state with the Chief Justice a Vice Chief Justice holding at-large seats.

Multiple Party System

Throw out the current two-party system duopoly even though I’m a proud lifelong Liberal Democrat, our current party system is simply too under-representative of our liberal democracy. Especially in a country that’s as politically diverse as we are. Going from Socialists, to Social-Democrats to Progressives to Liberals on the Left. To Conservatives to Libertarians to Neoconservatives, or Confederates and Theocrats on the Right. Including Centrists in the dead-center and I would move to a multiple-party system with 5-6 different political parties representing the entire political spectrum in America. And have runoffs so these candidates for each Federal office would have to eventually win at least fifty-one percent of the popular vote. So they couldn’t get to office winning just thirty-percent of. the vote, but have to be more representative of the people they are supposed to represent.

Electoral College
Amend it, not end is sort of popular political term, but in this case is correct. To go simply to a popular vote would mean that candidates especially who lean heavy in one. ideological direction or another would be able to just campaign in politically friendly states or parts of states to win the presidency, or be reelected. But to have candidates and incumbents who win or are reelected the presidency, they would need to win their base, but a certain percentage of the Independent vote, or voters who normally wouldn’t vote for that party, but have to win their base. And these Independents who normally wouldn’t vote for them and that may mean moderating some of their positions to do that. Electoral College votes would no longer be awarded to candidates and incumbents who win just fifty-one percent of. The vote and that person getting awarded with all of the electoral votes. But to win an entire state they would have to win at least sixty-percent of the vote. Anything less than that they would be awarded electoral votes based on the percentage of the vote that they won.

We already have the very good Constitution and the best in the world that has served us very well. And a lot of ways is the reason that we are the liberal democracy with all of the freedom both personal and economic that we have. But it isn’t perfect and can be made to work better with some key changes that doesn’t lessen our freedom and give more power to the. government at any level of more power to the people. And make our government more representative of the whole country.

Keith Hughes: Changes To The U.S. Constitution- Easy Ways To Remember

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Randy T. Simmons

Source: This piece was originally posted at FRS Daily Times

Government tends to fail and become inefficient when it tries to do too much. When it tries to get involved in areas that it tends not to be very efficient at. Like regulating how people live their own lives and trying to protect people from themselves. Which is what Neoconservatives and Theocrats believe in and claim that national security is paramount over everything else. And that we need some type of “Moral Code” to govern how people can live their own lives. Even if what they are doing isn’t hurting anyone, including themselves. Just because they don’t like what people are doing with their lives. Or when government tries to get involved into the economy which would be another example of government trying to do too much. Which is what Socialists want to see whether they are looking for government to nationalize private enterprise or not.

Or Social-Democrats want to create a welfare state and have government provide services or leave government to provide services that are traditionally handled by the private sector, because they don’t believe the private sector can be trusted to provide these services, because they have a profit motive. Which is why I’m a Liberal Democrat, because I believe in individual liberty which is what liberalism is about. Not how Conservatives and Libertarians have stereotyped it making it look like democratic socialism. And why I believe in limited government, to limit what government can do. To allow the people to be as free and self-sufficient as possible in living their own lives and only be dependent on government to provide the services that they can’t provide for themselves.

This is why I believe we need a national debate about what the role of Government, especially the Federal Government is. Because that government effects everyone in America and what government’s role should be in America. And why I believe we should have a National Constitutional Convention to figure these things out. What the U.S. Constitution says and means, what the Federal Government is doing today, is what they are doing constitutional or not. And things that they are doing that are constitutional, should they being doing them at all. Or can they be best handled better in the private sector and then limit the Federal Government to the things that they should be doing. That are constitutional and eliminate or cut their role in the things that they shouldn’t be doing. Whether their role there is constitutional or not and perhaps even we’ll find some things. Even though I wouldn’t put any money on that, that they aren’t doing currently that they should be doing . And find a way that they can best perform that role in the most fiscally responsible way possible.

Me personally I believe the role for the Federal Government should be very limited, not as limited as Libertarians, but very limited. And then dramatically cut back its roles in the things that I believe it has too much of a role today. And I would limit the Federal Government to, national security, foreign policy, Federal currency, law enforcement and Regulation. Not even social welfare except for regulating it. I would turn our safety net and I mean all of it, over to the States and then let them set up their own social insurance systems. But then have them convert those programs into semi-private non-profit self-financed community services. And if we had a national debate like this, then we could figure out what the role of government is in America.

The Independent Institute: Beyond Politics-Roots Of Government’s Failure: William Shugart Interviews Randy T. Simmons

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